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April 15, 2003

A report from the Defense Science Board lists 50 pathogens posing the greatest threat to humans. Bio-IT hardware and software could be used to detect and respond to these deadly agents.


  • Bacillus anthracis (anthrax)
  • Clostridium botulinum (botulism)
  • Yersinia pestis (plague)
  • Brucellosis
  • Francisella tularensis (tularemia)
  • Rickettsia (typhus and Rocky Mountain spotted fever)


  • Ricin
  • Aflatoxin
  • Epsilon toxin of Clostridium perfringens


  • Smallpox
  • Influenza
  • Dengue fever
  • Ebola
  • Marburg
  • Lassa


  • Cryptosporidium parvum
  • Cyclospora cayatanensis
  • Giardia lamblia 
  • Toxoplasma
  • Microsporidia

Source: Defense Science Board

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